DRIEKOP

Location

Driekop is located to the east of Maxinjana Hill and is composed of three distinct outcrops, two of which are connected with a low saddle.  The kopje located furthers east is the smallest and stands alone.  This kopje holds no archaeological remains.

 

Historical evidence

No historical evidence is available for this settlement.

 

Archaeological remains

The northern kopje is the largest of the three and was terraced on its western and northern slopes.  The terraces on the northern slope were located on a naturally level area, half way to the top.  The western terraces were located at the base of a low cliff.  Both the terraced areas were small.  The sic terraces on the western slope covered a smaller surface than the four terraces on the northern slope.  The northern terraces were also situated higher up above the plain.

Potsherds were recovered from both sets of terraces. No visible remains of houses or metal artefacts were noted.

A circular stone enclosure was located near the southeastern corner of the large kopje.

 

State of preservation

The terraces on driekop's slopes have been covered by a tailings dump.  This site no longer contains archaeological remains of significance.

 

Table

 

LOCATION

EARLY IRON AGE

 

LATE IRON AGE

 

 

 

 

 

Merensky (32LU)

No

TERRACES

 

IRON WORKING

 

COPPER WORKING

 

 

 

 

GROUND LEVEL

HILL SLOPE

SMELTING

FORGING

SMELTING

SECONDARY ACTIVITY

 

 

 

yes

yes

 

probably

 

 

STATE OF PRESV

 

 

destroyed

destroyed

 

destroyed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHASE III

NHS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UT

yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RES

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

NHS         National Heritage Site (Declare as a monument)
UT            Potential to utilize (education, tourism, site museum)
RES          Research (unlocking new information)

 --------------------------------------------------------------

 Source:

Archaeological survey and assessment of Palabora Mining Company’s mining areas in Phalaborwa, Northern Province of South Africa. An addendum to Palabora Mining Company’s environmental management programme report.

Dr. Julius CC Pistorius
Archaeologist and Cultural Heritage Management Consultant

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